Jenab6

Half-Lives of Radioactive Isotopes

Half-Lives of Radioactive Isotopes

PT = Planck time unit
PT = √(ћG/c⁵) = 5.391247e-44 sec

1 yoctosecond = 1e-24 sec = 1.85485844e+19 PT

hydrogen-7, 23e-24 sec
lithium-4, 75.6e-24 sec
hydrogen-5, 80e-24 sec
hydrogen-4, 139e-24 sec
nitrogen-10, 200e-24 sec
hydrogen-6, 290e-24 sec
lithium-5, 304e-24 sec
boron-7, 350e-24 sec
fluorine-15, 460e-24 sec
nitrogen-11, 590e-24 sec
nitrogen-11m, 690e-24 sec
helium-5, 760e-24 sec

1 zeptosecond = 1e-21 sec = 1.85485844e+22 PT

oxygen-12, 1.14e-21 sec
sodium-18, 1.34e-21 sec
helium-10, 1.52e-21 sec
lithium-10, 2e-21 sec
carbon-8, 2e-21 sec
beryllium-13, 2.7e-21 sec
helium-7, 3.040e-21 sec
neon-16, 3.74e-21 sec
beryllium-6, 5e-21 sec
helium-9, 7e-21 sec
fluorine-16, 11e-21 sec
boron-9, 845e-21 sec

1 attosecond = 1e-18 sec = 1.85485844e+25 PT

beryllium-8, 81.9e-18 sec

1 femtosecond = 1e-15 sec = 1.85485844e+28 PT

oxygen-27, 1.75e-15 sec

1 picosecond = 1e-12 sec = 1 psec = 1.85485844e+31 PT

boron-16, ≤190e-12 sec

1 nanosecond = 1e-9 sec = 1 nsec = 1.85485844e+34 PT

lithium-12, <10e-9 sec
boron-18, 26e-9 sec
carbon-21, 30e-9 sec
fluorine-28, 40e-9 sec
oxygen-26, 40e-9 sec
sodium-19, 40e-9 sec
oxygen-25, 50e-9 sec
nitrogen-24, 52e-9 sec
protactinium-219, 53e-9 sec
neon-34, 60e-9 sec
sodium-37, 60e-9 sec
protactinium-220m2, 69e-9 sec
actinium-217, 69e-9 sec
uranium-236m1, 100e-9 sec
oxygen-28, 100e-9 sec
curium-247m2, 100.6e-9 sec
actinium-218m, 103e-9 sec
thorium-218, 109e-9 sec
neptunium-238m, 112e-9 sec
uranium-236m2, 120e-9 sec
americium-239m, 163e-9 sec
neon-33, 180e-9 sec
sodium-36, 180e-9 sec
curium-242m, 180e-9 sec
radium-216, 182e-9 sec
plutonium-239m1, 193e-9 sec
beryllium-15, 200e-9 sec
beryllium-16, 200e-9 sec
fluorine-31, 250e-9 sec
uranium-239m1, >250e-9 sec
fluorine-30, 260e-9 sec
nitrogen-25, 260e-9 sec
radium-208m, 270e-9 sec
uranium-238m, 280e-9 sec
curium-245m, 290e-9 sec
polonium-212, 299e-9 sec
protactinium-220m1, 308e-9 sec
plutonium-243m, 330e-9 sec
neptunium-222, 380e-9 sec
protactinium-229m, 420e-9 sec
curium-244m2, >500e-9 sec
radium-215m3, 555e-9 sec
berkelium-242m, 600e-9 sec
thorium-216m2, 615e-9 sec
uranium-221, 660e-9 sec
actinium-217m, 740e-9 sec
protactinium-220, 780e-9 sec
uranium-239m2, 780e-9 sec
radium-212m2, 850e-9 sec
plutonium-241m1, 880e-9 sec

1 microsecond = 0.000001 sec = 1e-6 sec = 1 μsec = 1.85485844e+37 PT

thorium-219, 1.05e-6 sec
curium-243m, 1.08e-6 sec
actinium-218, 1.08e-6 sec
plutonium-237m2, 1.1e-6 sec
americium-241m, 1.2e-6 sec
radium-215m2, 1.39e-6 sec
uranium-222, 1.4e-6 sec
radium-217, 1.63e-6 sec
neptunium-223, 2.15e-6 sec
radium-210m, 2.24e-6 sec
protactinium-221, 4.9e-6 sec
nobelium-250, 5.7e-6 sec
thorium-229m, 7e-6 sec
radium-215m1, 7.1e-6 sec
plutonium-239m2, 7.5e-6 sec
thorium-220, 9.7e-6 sec
radium-212m1, 10.9e-6 sec
actinium-219, 11.8e-6 sec
uranium-223, 21e-6 sec
plutonium-241m2, 21e-6 sec
fermium-251m, 21.1e-6 sec
curium-249m, 23e-6 sec
rutherfordium-254, 23e-6 sec
neptunium-220, 25e-6 sec
radium-218, 25.2e-6 sec
curium-247m1, 26.3e-6 sec
berkelium-250m1, 29e-6 sec
nobelium-253m, 31e-6 sec
americium-238m, 35e-6 sec
nobelium-250m, 36e-6 sec
neptunium-224, 38e-6 sec
californium-249m, 45e-6 sec
rutherfordium-253, 48e-6 sec
radium-231m, ~53e-6 sec
uranium-219, 55e-6 sec
berkelium-251m, 58e-6 sec
americium-246m2, 73e-6 sec
seaborgium-261m, 92e-6 sec
protactinium-218, 113e-6 sec
thorium-216m1, 137e-6 sec
curium-248m, 146e-6 sec
neptunium-219, 150e-6 sec
polonium-214, 164e-6 sec
darmstadtium-270, 205e-6 sec
berkelium-250m2, 213e-6 sec
darmstadtium-269, 230e-6 sec
copernicium-277, 240e-6 sec
thorium-217, 240e-6 sec
darmstadtium-273, 240e-6 sec
berkelium-249m, 300e-6 sec
nihonium-278, 340e-6 sec
hassium-265m, 360e-6 sec
fermium-258, 370e-6 sec
actinium-216, 440e-6 sec
actinium-216m, 443e-6 sec
hassium-264, 540e-6 sec
copernicium-277, 690e-6 sec
oganesson-294, 690e-6 sec
fermium-241, 730e-6 sec
hassium-263, 760e-6 sec
fermium-242, 800e-6 sec
mendelevium-245, 900e-6 sec
copernicium-282, 910e-6 sec
uranium-224, 940e-6 sec

1 millisecond = 0.001 sec = 1e-3 sec = 1 msec = 1.85485844e+40 PT

protactinium-217m, 1.08e-3 sec
meitnerium-266, 1.2e-3 sec
nobelium-258, 1.2e-3 sec
uranium-216m, 1.31e-3 sec
nihonium-278, 1.4e-3 sec
sodium-35, 1.5e-3 sec
darmstadtium-271m, 1.7e-3 sec
thorium-208, 1.7e-3 sec
thorium-221, 1.73e-3 sec
hassium-265, 1.96e-3 sec
roentgenium-272, 2e-3 sec
thorium-222, 2.237e-3 sec
uranium-215, 2.24e-3 sec
fluorine-29, 2.5e-3 sec
flerovium-284, 2.5e-3 sec
boron-19, 2.92e-3 sec
seaborgium-258, 3e-3 sec
hassium-266, 3.02e-3 sec
fermium-244, 3.12e-3 sec
protactinium-222, 3.2e-3 sec
neon-31, 3.4e-3 sec
protactinium-217, 3.48e-3 sec
neon-32, 3.5e-3 sec
darmstadtium-277, 3.5e-3 sec
protactinium-211, 3.8e-3 sec
roentgenium-278, 4e-3 sec
seaborgium-260, 4e-3 sec
uranium-216, 4.3e-3 sec
beryllium-14, 4.35e-3 sec
meitnerium-278, 4.5e-3 sec
radon-196, 4.7e-3 sec
fluorine-27, 5e-3 sec
meitnerium-277, 5e-3 sec
nobelium-262, 5e-3 sec
boron-17, 5.08e-3 sec
protactinium-223, 5.1e-3 sec
americium-223, 5.2e-3 sec
sodium-34, 5.5e-3 sec
neptunium-225, 6e-3 sec
uranium-218, 6e-3 sec
carbon-22, 6.2e-3 sec
meitnerium-270, 6.3e-3 sec
rutherfordium-256, 6.4e-3 sec
thorium-209, 7e-3 sec
protactinium-213, 7e-3 sec
seaborgium-262, 7e-3 sec
neon-30, 7.3e-3 sec
protactinium-212, 8e-3 sec
sodium-33, 8e-3 sec
livermorium-290, 8.3e-3 sec
oxygen-13, 8.58e-3 sec
lithium-11, 8.59e-3 sec
fluorine-26, 9.6e-3 sec
bohrium-262m, 9.6e-3 sec
boron-15, 9.87e-3 sec
darmstadtium-270m, 10e-3 sec
hassium-277, 11e-3 sec
nitrogen-12, 11e-3 sec
bohrium-261, 11.8e-3 sec
roentgenium-274, 12e-3 sec
boron-14, 12.5e-3 sec
livermorium-292, 13e-3 sec
sodium-32, 13.2e-3 sec
americium-242m2, 14.0e-3 sec
protactinium-215, 14e-3 sec
nitrogen-23, 14.5e-3 sec
rutherfordium-258, 14.7e-3 sec
neon-29, 14.8e-3 sec
actinium-206m1, 15e-3 sec
carbon-20, 16e-3 sec
protactinium-214, 17e-3 sec
sodium-31, 17e-3 sec
thorium-210, 17e-3 sec
boron-13, 17.33e-3 sec
neon-28, 18.9e-3 sec
livermorium-291, 19e-3 sec
actinium-205, 20e-3 sec
rutherfordium-270, 20e-3 sec
meitnerium-275, 20e-3 sec
boron-12, 20.2e-3 sec
rutherfordium-260, 21e-3 sec
californium-238, 21.1e-3 sec
beryllium-12, 21.49e-3 sec
tennessine-293, 22e-3 sec
nitrogen-22, 24e-3 sec
actinium-206, 25e-3 sec
uranium-217, 26e-3 sec
actinium-220, 26.36e-3 sec
thorium-216, 26.8e-3 sec
meitnerium-268, 27e-3 sec
lawrencium-251, 27e-3 sec
actinium-208m, 28e-3 sec
sodium-28, 30.5e-3 sec
actinium-207, 31e-3 sec
neon-27, 32e-3 sec
uranium-234m, 33.5e-3 sec
curium-244m1, 34e-3 sec
bohrium-260, 35e-3 sec
neptunium-226, 35e-3 sec
thorium-212, 36e-3 sec
moscovium-287, 37e-3 sec
seaborgium-264, 37e-3 sec
dubnium-255, 37e-3 sec
actinium-206m2, 41e-3 sec
sodium-29, 44.9e-3 sec
carbon-19, 46.2e-3 sec
thorium-211, 48e-3 sec
sodium-30, 48.4e-3 sec
fluorine-25, 50e-3 sec
tennessine-294, 51e-3 sec
actinium-221, 52e-3 sec
hassium-267, 55e-3 sec
livermorium-293, 57e-3 sec
uranium-225, 61e-3 sec
oxygen-24, 65e-3 sec
nihonium-282, 73e-3 sec
nihonium-283, 75e-3 sec
oxygen-23, 82e-3 sec
bohrium-262, 84e-3 sec
nitrogen-21, 87e-3 sec
darmstadtium-271, 90e-3 sec
roentgenium-279, 90e-3 sec
carbon-18, 92e-3 sec
actinium-209, 92e-3 sec
actinium-208, 97e-3 sec
copernicium-284, 98e-3 sec
thorium-214, 100e-3 sec
flerovium-285, 100e-3 sec
protactinium-216, 105e-3 sec
nobelium-260, 106e-3 sec
helium-8, 119e-3 sec
flerovium-286, 120e-3 sec
seaborgium-263m, 120e-3 sec
carbon-9, 126.5e-3 sec
nitrogen-20, 130e-3 sec
thorium-213, 140e-3 sec
moscovium-288, 164e-3 sec
actinium-215, 170e-3 sec
lithium-9, 178.3e-3 sec
copernicium-281, 180e-3 sec
plutonium-237m1, 180e-3 sec
neon-26, 192e-3 sec
carbon-17, 193e-3 sec
mendelevium-247m, 200e-3 sec
seaborgium-261, 200e-3 sec
darmstadtium-279, 210e-3 sec
actinium-211, 213e-3 sec
fermium-243, 231e-3 sec
uranium-226, 269e-3 sec
nitrogen-19, 271e-3 sec
hassium-266m, 280e-3 sec
nobelium-254m, 280e-3 sec
hassium-275, 290e-3 sec
sodium-27, 301e-3 sec
moscovium-289, 330e-3 sec
actinium-210, 350e-3 sec
seaborgium-266, 360e-3 sec
fluorine-24, 390e-3 sec
lawrencium-252, 390e-3 sec
mendelevium-245m, 400e-3 sec
mendelevium-244, 400e-3 sec
meitnerium-274, 440e-3 sec
sodium-20, 447.9e-3 sec
meitnerium-276, 450e-3 sec
flerovium-287, 480e-3 sec
hassium-273, 510e-3 sec
neptunium-227, 510e-3 sec
dubnium-259, 510e-3 sec
lawrencium-253, 580e-3 sec
thorium-223, 600e-3 sec
seaborgium-259, 600e-3 sec
neon-25, 602e-3 sec
nitrogen-18, 622e-3 sec
lawrencium-257, 646e-3 sec
moscovium-290, 650e-3 sec
flerovium-288, 660e-3 sec
dubnium-257m, 670e-3 sec
actinium-213, 731e-3 sec
carbon-16, 747e-3 sec
boron-8, 770e-3 sec
nobelium-251, 780e-3 sec
helium-6, 806.7e-3 sec
lithium-8, 839.9e-3 sec
protactinium-224, 844e-3 sec
bohrium-265, 900e-3 sec
bohrium-266, 900e-3 sec
lutetium-153, 900e-3 sec
nihonium-284, 910e-3 sec
actinium-212, 920e-3 sec
bohrium-264, 970e-3 sec

1 second = 1.85485844e+43 PT

seaborgium-263, 1 sec
mendelevium-246, 1.0 sec
thorium-224, 1.05 sec
sodium-26, 1.077 sec
plutonium-228, 1.1 sec
mendelevium-247, 1.12 sec
curium-246m, 1.12 sec
bohrium-271, 1.2 sec
thorium-215, 1.2 sec
rutherfordium-268, 1.4 sec
hassium-268, 1.42 sec
lawrencium-253m, 1.5 sec
fermium-259, 1.5 sec
dubnium-260, 1.52 sec
dubnium-257, 1.53 sec
fermium-246, 1.54 sec
neon-18, 1.672 sec
nobelium-251m, 1.7 sec
protactinium-225, 1.7 sec
americium-229, 1.8 sec
flerovium-289, 1.9 sec
dubnium-256, 1.9 sec
mendelevium-249m, 1.9 sec
dubnium-258m, 1.9 sec
fermium-250m, 1.92 sec
californium-237, 2.1 sec
fluorine-23, 2.23 sec
oxygen-22, 2.25 sec
nobelium-252, 2.27 sec
rutherfordium-255, 2.3 sec
rutherfordium-262, 2.3 sec
carbon-15, 2.449 sec
rutherfordium-259m, 2.5 sec
flerovium-289, 2.6 sec
nobelium-256, 2.91 sec
rutherfordium-259, 3.2 sec
oxygen-21, 3.42 sec
rutherfordium-261m, 4 sec
rutherfordium-257m, 4.1 sec
lawrencium-258, 4.1 sec
fluorine-21, 4.158 sec
nitrogen-17, 4.173 sec
copernicium-283, 4.2 sec
nihonium-285, 4.2 sec
fermium-245, 4.2 sec
fluorine-22, 4.23 sec
meitnerium-278, 4.5 sec
dubnium-258, 4.5 sec
dubnium-261, 4.5 sec
roentgenium-280, 4.6 sec
rutherfordium-257, 4.7 sec
actinium-222, 5.0 sec
einsteinium-240, 6 sec
lawrencium-259, 6.2 sec
mendelevium-248, 7 sec
nitrogen-16, 7.13 sec
seaborgium-265, 8 sec
actinium-214, 8.2 sec
hassium-270, 9 sec
nihonium-286, 9.5 sec
bohrium-272, 9.8 sec
hassium-271, 10 sec
einsteinium-241, 10 sec
fluorine-20, 11.07 sec
darmstadtium-281, 12.7 sec
lawrencium-254, 13 sec
einsteinium-242, 13.5 sec
oxygen-20, 13.51 sec
beryllium-11, 13.81 sec
hassium-269, 16 sec
seaborgium-265m, 16.2 sec
bohrium-267, 17 sec
roentgenium-281, 17 sec
neon-19, 17.22 sec
berkelium-234, 19 sec
carbon-10, 19.29 sec
einsteinium-243, 21 sec
berkelium-233, 21 sec
berkelium-236, 22 sec
lawrencium-255, 22 sec
sodium-21, 22.49 sec
rutherfordium-266, 23 sec
mendelevium-249, 24 sec
nobelium-257, 25 sec
oxygen-19, 26.464 sec
curium-233, 27 sec
lawrencium-256, 27 sec
copernicium-285, 28 sec
dubnium-263, 29 sec
fermium-247, 31 sec
americium-230, 32 sec
dubnium-262, 35 sec
fermium-248, 35.1 sec
einsteinium-244, 37 sec
neon-23, 37.24 sec
bohrium-274, 40 sec
actinium-234, 44 sec
nobelium-254, 51 sec
curium-234, 52 sec
mendelevium-250, 52 sec
sodium-25, 59.1 sec

1 minute = 60 sec = 1.11291506e+45 PT

californium-239, 60 sec
actinium-235, 60 sec
bohrium-270, 61 sec
neptunium-228, 61.4 sec
actinium-222m, 63 sec
californium-240, 64 sec
fluorine-17, 64.49 sec
rutherfordium-263, 66 sec
uranium-227, 66 sec
einsteinium-245, 66 sec
protactinium-234m, 70 sec
oxygen-14, 70.62 sec
actinium-236, 72 sec
rutherfordium-261, 78 sec
americium-232, 79 sec
seaborgium-267, 84 sec
fermium-249, 96 sec
nobelium-253, 97 sec
roentgenium-282, 100 sec
plutonium-230, 102 sec
protactinium-226, 110 sec
berkelium-252, 110 sec
neptunium-243, 111 sec
actinium-232, 119 sec
protactinium-240, 120 sec
plutonium-229, 120 sec
actinium-230, 122 sec
oxygen-15, 122.24 sec
actinium-223, 126 sec
neptunium-242, 130 sec
protactinium-238, 136 sec
neptunium-244, 137 sec
mendelevium-252, 138 sec
americium-234, 139 sec
seaborgium-271, 140 sec
berkelium-238, 144 sec
actinium-233, 145 sec
lawrencium-260, 160 sec
nobelium-255, 190 sec
americium-233, 190 sec
neon-24, 203 sec
californium-242, 209 sec
americium-236, 220 sec
californium-241, 227 sec
mendelevium-251, 240 sec
neptunium-229, 240 sec
einsteinium-247, 273 sec
berkelium-241, 280 sec
neptunium-230, 280 sec
berkelium-240, 290 sec
thorium-237, 290 sec
curium-235, 300 sec
neptunium-242m, 330 sec
curium-236, 410 sec
berkelium-242, 420 sec
thorium-235, 430 sec
neptunium-240m, 433 sec
actinium-231, 450 sec
einsteinium-246, 460 sec
plutonium-231, 520 sec
protactinium-237, 520 sec
thorium-225, 523 sec
protactinium-236, 550 sec
uranium-228, 550 sec
thorium-238, 560 sec
copper-62, 580.4 sec
americium-235, 590 sec
nitrogen-13, 597.9 sec
berkelium-253, 600 sec
mercury-210, 600 sec
mendelevium-254, 600 sec
californium-243, 640 sec
mendelevium-253, 720 sec
californium-256, 740 sec
neptunium-241, 830 sec
seaborgium-269, 840 sec
free neutron, 881.5 sec
neptunium-232, 880 sec
rutherfordium-263, 900 sec

1 kilosecond = 1 ksec = 1000 sec = 1e+3 sec = 1.85485844e+46 PT

curium-251, 1.01e+3 sec
uranium-242, 1.01e+3 sec
californium-244, 1.16e+3 sec
curium-237, 1.2e+3 sec
carbon-11, 1.2200e+3 sec
plutonium-233, 1.25e+3 sec
thorium-233, 1.310e+3 sec
americium-247, 1.38e+3 sec
uranium-239, 1.407e+3 sec
protactinium-235, 1.466e+3 sec
americium-246m1, 1.50e+3 sec
plutonium-235, 1.52e+3 sec
einsteinium-256, 1.52e+3 sec
americium-244m, 1.6e+3 sec
uranium-235m, 1.6e+3 sec
mendelevium-255, 1.6e+3 sec
einsteinium-248, 1.6e+3 sec
mendelevium-254m, 1.7e+3 sec
fermium-250, 1.82e+3 sec
thorium-226, 1.834e+3 sec
plutonium-232, 2.02e+3 sec
neptunium-233, 2.17e+3 sec
thorium-236, 2.25e+3 sec
protactinium-227, 2.30e+3 sec
americium-246, 2.3e+3 sec
lawrencium-261, 2.6e+3 sec
californium-245, 2.70e+3 sec
neptunium-231, 2.93e+3 sec
berkelium-251, 3.34e+3 sec
mendelevium-258m, 3.42e+3 sec
uranium-229, 3.5e+3 sec
nobelium-259, 3.5e+3 sec

1 hour = 1 h = 3600 sec = 6.67749038e+46 PT

dubnium-270, 3.6e+3 sec
neptunium-240, 3.72e+3 sec
actinium-229, 3.76e+3 sec
curium-249, 3.849e+3 sec
gallium-68, 4.063e+3 sec
americium-237, 4.4e+3 sec
mendelevium-256, 4.62e+3 sec
rutherfordium-267, 4.7e+3 sec
dubnium-266, 4.8e+3 sec
californium-255, 5.10e+3 sec
mendelevium-259, 5.8e+3 sec
americium-238, 5.9e+3 sec
einsteinium-249, 6.13e+3 sec
protactinium-239, 6.5e+3 sec
fluorine-18, 6.586e+3 sec
americium-245, 7.4e+3 sec
einsteinium-250m, 8.0e+3 sec
curium-238, 8.6e+3 sec
curium-239, 9.0e+3 sec
fermium-256, 9.46e+3 sec
actinium-224, 10.0e+3 sec
californium-247, 11.2e+3 sec
berkelium-250, 11.56e+3 sec
fermium-254, 11.66e+3 sec
lawrencium-262, 13e+3 sec
berkelium-244, 15.7e+3 sec
berkelium-243, 16e+3 sec
dubnium-267, 17e+3 sec
plutonium-243, 17.84e+3 sec
fermium-251, 19.1e+3 sec
mendelevium-257, 19.9e+3 sec
actinium-228, 22.1e+3 sec
protactinium-234, 24.1e+3 sec
einsteinium-256m, 27e+3 sec
einsteinium-250, 31e+3 sec
plutonium-234, 32e+3 sec
americium-244, 36e+3 sec
erbium-165, 37.3e+3 sec
plutonium-245, 38e+3 sec
lawrencium-266, 40e+3 sec
americium-239, 43e+3 sec
uranium-240, 51e+3 sec
sodium-24, 53.9e+3 sec
americium-242, 57.7e+3 sec
fermium-255, 72.3e+3 sec
protactinium-228, 79e+3 sec
neptunium-236m, 81e+3 sec
berkelium-248m, 85e+3 sec

1 (mean solar) day = 1 d = 86400 sec = 1.60259769e+48 PT

fermium-252, 91.4e+3 sec
thorium-231, 91.88e+3 sec
dubnium-268, 110.9e+3 sec
erbium-160, 102.9e+3 sec
actinium-226, 105.74e+3 sec
protactinium-232, 113e+3 sec
einsteinium-251, 118.8e+3 sec
californium-246, 128.52e+3 sec
protactinium-229, 130e+3 sec
einsteinium-255, 141.48e+3 sec
berkelium-246, 156e+3 sec
neptunium-238, 182.9e+3 sec
americium-240, 182.9e+3 sec
plutonium-247, 196e+3 sec
neptunium-239, 203.6e+3 sec
gold-198, 232.8e+3 sec
fermium-253, 259e+3 sec
gold-199, 273.8e+3 sec
radon-222, 330.35e+3 sec
uranium-231, 360e+3 sec
neptunium-234, 380e+3 sec
calcium-47, 391.9e+3 sec
berkelium-245, 427e+3 sec
manganese-52, 483.1e+3 sec
gold-196, 534.2e+3 sec
uranium-237, 583e+3 sec

1 week = 604800 sec = 1.12181838e+49 PT

einsteinium-257, 670e+3 sec
iodine-131, 693e+3 sec
thulium-167, 799e+3 sec
actinium-225, 860e+3 sec
plutonium-246, 937e+3 sec

1 megasecond = 1 Msec = 1,000,000 sec = 1e+6 sec = 1.85485844e+49 PT

phosphorus-32, 1.235e+6 sec
vanadium-48, 1.38011e+6 sec
protactinium-230, 1.50e+6 sec
californium-253, 1.539e+6 sec
thorium-227, 1.614e+6 sec
einsteinium-253, 1.769e+6 sec
uranium-230, 1.80e+6 sec
thorium-234, 2.082e+6 sec
protactinium-233, 2.3306e+6 sec
curium-240, 2.3e+6 sec
chromium-51, 2.39350e+6 sec
mendelevium-260, 2.40e+6 sec
curium-241, 2.83e+6 sec
einsteinium-255, 3.44e+6 sec
plutonium-237, 3.91e+6 sec
mendelevium-258, 4.45e+6 sec
beryllium-7, 4.590e+6 sec
californium-254, 5.23e+6 sec
cobalt-56, 6.676e+6 sec
scandium-46, 7.239e+6 sec
sulfur-35, 7.544e+6 sec
thulium-168, 8.04e+6 sec
fermium-257, 8.68e+6 sec
thulium-170, 11.11e+6 sec
polonium-210, 11.9e+6 sec
calcium-45, 14.06e+6 sec
curium-242, 14.07e+6 sec
gold-195, 16.08e+6 sec
zinc-65, 21.06e+6 sec
cobalt-57, 23.483e+6 sec
einsteinium-254, 23.82e+6 sec
vanadium-49, 29e+6 sec
berkelium-249, 29e+6 sec
californium-248, 28.81e+6 sec

1 (Julian) year = 1 y = 31,557,600 sec = 5.85348807e+50 PT

ruthenium-106, 32.3e+6 sec
neptunium-235, 34.22e+6 sec
cadmium-109, 40.0e+6 sec
einsteinium-252, 40.76e+6 sec
thorium-228, 60.33e+6 sec
thulium-171, 61e+6 sec
caesium-134, 65.17e+6 sec
sodium-22, 82.1e+6 sec
californium-252, 83.5e+6 sec
iron-55, 87.0e+6 sec
plutonium-236, 90.2e+6 sec
rhodium-101, 100e+6 sec
cobalt-60, 166.35e+6 sec
krypton-85, 339.4e+6 sec
hydrogen-3, 389e+6 sec
californium-250, 413e+6 sec
plutonium-241, 451.0e+6 sec
niobium-93m, 509e+6 sec
curium-244, 571e+6 sec
actinium-227, 687.1e+6 sec
strontium-90, 909e+6 sec
curium-243, 920e+6 sec
caesium-137, 952e+6 sec

1 gigasecond = 1 Gsec = 1e+9 sec = 1.85485844e+52 PT

titanium-44, 2.0e+9 sec
uranium-232, 2.17e+9 sec
plutonium-238, 2.77e+9 sec
samarium-151, 3.05e+9 sec
nickel-63, 3.16e+9 sec
americium-242m1, 4.4e+9 sec
silicon-32, 5.4e+9 sec
argon-39, 8.5e+9 sec
berkelium-248, >9.5e+9 sec
californium-249, 11.1e+9 sec
silver-108m, 13.2e+9 sec
americium-241, 13.64e+9 sec
mercury-194, 14.0e+9 sec
niobium-91, 21e+9 sec
californium-251, 28e+9 sec
holmium-166m1, 38e+9 sec
berkelium-247, 44e+9 sec
radium-226, 50e+9 sec
molybdenum-93, 130e+9 sec
holmium-163, 144e+9 sec
curium-246, 150e+9 sec
carbon-14, 181e+9 sec
plutonium-240, 207.0e+9 sec
thorium-229, 232e+9 sec
americium-243, 233e+9 sec
curium-250, 260e+9 sec
curium-245, 270e+9 sec
niobium-94, 640e+9 sec
plutonium-239, 761e+9 sec

1 terasecond = 1 Tsec = 1e+12 sec = 1.85485844e+55 PT

protactinium-231, 1.034e+12 sec
lead-202, 1.66e+12 sec
lanthanum-137, 1.9e+12 sec
thorium-230, 2.379e+12 sec
nickel-59, 2.4e+12 sec
calcium-41, 3.3e+12 sec
neptunium-236, 4.9e+12 sec
uranium-233, 5.02e+12 sec
rhenium-186m, 6.3e+12 sec
technetium-99, 6.66e+12 sec
krypton-81, 7.2e+12 sec
tin-126, 7.3e+12 sec
uranium-234, 7.75e+12 sec
chlorine-36, 9.5e+12 sec
curium-248, 11.0e+12 sec
bismuth-208, 11.6e+12 sec
plutonium-242, 11.8e+12 sec
aluminium-26, 22.6e+12 sec
selenium-79, 36e+12 sec
beryllium-10, 48e+12 sec
zirconium-93, 48e+12 sec
gadolinium-150, 56e+12 sec
neptunium-237, 67.7e+12 sec
caesium-135, 73e+12 sec
iron-60, 82e+12 sec
technetium-97, 82e+12 sec
dysprosium-154, 95e+12 sec
bismuth-210m, 96e+12 sec
manganese-53, 120e+12 sec
technetium-98, 130e+12 sec
palladium-107, 210e+12 sec
hafnium-182, 280e+12 sec
lead-205, 550e+12 sec
curium-247, 490e+12 sec
iodine-129, 500e+12 sec
uranium-236, 739e+12 sec

1 petasecond = 1 Psec = 1e+15 sec = 1.85485844e+58 PT

niobium-92, 1.10e+15 sec
samarium-146, 2.1e+15 sec
plutonium-244, 2.5e+15 sec
uranium-235, 22.2e+15 sec
potassium-40, 40.3e+15 sec
uranium-238, 141.0e+15 sec
thorium-232, 443e+15 sec

Current age of the universe = 4.345e+17 sec = 8.060e+60 PT

exasecond = 1e+18 sec = 1.85485844e+61 PT

lutetium-176, 1.21e+18 sec
rhenium-187, 1.3002e+18 sec
rubidium-87, 1.554e+18 sec
lanthanum-138, 3.2e+18 sec
samarium-147, 3.3e+18 sec
platinum-190, 20.51e+18 sec

zettasecond = 1e+21 sec = 1.85485844e+64 PT

gadolinium-152, 3.4e+21 sec
indium-115, 13.9e+21 sec
hafnium-174, 63e+21 sec
osmium-186, 63e+21 sec
neodymium-144, 72e+21 sec
samarium-148, 220e+21 sec
cadmium-113, 240e+21 sec

yottasecond = 1e+24 sec = 1.85485844e+67 PT

vanadium-50, 4.4±1.3 e+24 sec
tungsten-180, 56.8±6.3 e+24 sec
europium-151, 160e+24 sec
neodymium-150, 210e+24 sec
molybdenum-100, 270e+24 sec
bismuth-209, 600±63 e+24 sec
zirconium-96, 630e+24 sec
cadmium-116, 980±130 e+24 sec

1e+27 seconds = 1.85485844e+70 PT

calcium-48, 1.4e+27 sec
selenium-82, 3.1e+27 sec
tellurium-130, 25e+27 sec
barium-130, 50e+27 sec
germanium-76, 57e+27 sec
xenon-136, 75e+27 sec
krypton-78, 290e+27 sec
xenon-124, 570e+27 sec

1e+30 seconds = 1.85485844e+73 PT

tellurium-128, 69.4±9.5 e+30 sec

Reference: Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_radioactive_nuclides_by_half-life
Jenab6

The Shooting of Jacob Blake: the Police Are Right, the Blacks Are Lying

On 23 August 2020, in Kenosha, Wisconsin, a male black named Jacob Blake, age 29, attacked police officers with a knife. In response, the police first tased him twice, but the tasers didn't work. Then, in self-defense, the officers shot (but didn't kill) Blake.

The police were responding to a 911 call from a woman who said that her boyfriend, Jacob Blake, had been violent to her and had stolen her car keys. The police identified Blake as someone who was additionally wanted for sexual assault, for trespassing, and for domestic abuse.

When the police arrived, the woman who had called them told the police that Blake had kidnapped her child and was trying to steal her car.

Blake approached the police, concealing the knife as best as he could, and he refused to drop the knife when the police did see it.

The police tried to use non-lethal means (tasers) to subdue Blake, but they didn't work.

Blake attacked police, briefly holding one of the officers in a headlock.

After the police shot Blake, all the blacks began saying that the shooting was "unnecessary," that the account of the police was a big bunch of lies, and that the police were the "real" aggressors. Blake's family hired Ben Crump, the sleazy black attorney who represented the families of black thugs Trayvon Martin and Michael Brown, to represent them in their civil suit against the police, in the hope of winning what has been called a "black payday."

And the blacks in Kenosha rioted, of course. The behavior pattern is well-studied: the blacks first announce that they will assemble to protest peaceably, then, after enough of them have gathered, they become a violent threat to persons and to property, beating and killing law-abiding citizens, breaking car windows, setting fire to businesses, and stealing everything that they can lay their hands on.

Sympathetic (and similar) black protests-cum-riots were held in New York, Minneapolis, Los Angeles, and Atlanta.

Although at first the involved officers were placed on administrative leave (26 August), while the wimpy, pandering Wisconsin Governor Tony Evers denounced excessive use of force by police, the prosecutors eventually (January 2021) decided not to charge them with any criminal offense. Probably because they couldn't make any such charge seem even remotely plausible, given the circumstances.

https://www.startribune.com/no-charges-against-wisconsin-officer-who-shot-jacob-blake/600006905/
Jenab6

Joe Biden, the CCP, and the Water at the Moon's South Pole

There are many reasons for why China would want to control the US government just now. One of them is getting the ability to sabotage the American economy by enforcing unnecessary and unwise lockdowns pertaining to covid. But although that's probably the biggest reason, it isn't the only one.

A race is on to establish defacto ownership, or "stake a claim," on the water ice located at the moon's south pole. The first country to build a lunar colony there will get dibs on all the best lunar water resources. If that country is China, then the future endeavors of the United States on the moon will forever be overshadowed by Chinese control of most of the moon's native water.

And that's another reason for China to support the Democratic Party's frauds in the 2020 election. By cheating Joe Biden, who is beholden to China and possibly subject to blackmail by the CCP, into the White House, the Chinese communists can delay NASA from building a moonbase until China has one first.

The Chinese are very long-range planners.
Jenab6

One of My Golden Oldies

Why do white liberals speak for black people?

Because the liberal whites are better-spoken, meaning they have superior language skills, as compared with the blacks themselves. And the liberal whites are cleverer liars than the blacks are. That’s not to say that blacks aren’t frequently liars. But blacks aren’t especially skilled in making their deceptions convincing.

Blacks make mistakes when they lie, and then they have to resort to intimidation, violence, and dogged persistence and repetition (chanting in large numbers) while pretending that their views aren’t internally contradictory, when, indeed, they are.

White liberals, full of sympathy toward blacks' ineptitude in creating their own falsehoods, are often willing to lend them a hand by offering them, and by telling on their behalf, a wonderfully well-crafted set of monumental lies sure to win the hearts of dishonest media pundits and corrupt judges.

Of course, some blacks might consider this unasked-for aid to be patronizing, and I can certainly understand their point of view. But liberals are liberals, and treating their inferiors with hypocritical condescension while at the same time assuring them, falsely, that they are “just as good as anybody else” is what liberals do.
Jenab6

The truth about Democrat election fraud in the 2020 election should not be compromised

Compromises aren't always good things. When you compromise the truth with a lie, what you get is a lie. Often the truth of a dispute isn't "somewhere in the middle," but, rather, one side is in the right and the other side is in the wrong and is lying and gaslighting with every breath they take.

Such is the case with the 2020 election. There was fraud. When the Left said that there was no evidence of fraud, they were lying. When that lie became untenable because the public generally became aware of the evidence of election fraud, the media switched lies and began saying, sure, there was a little fraud, just as happens with most elections, but it wasn't enough to change the election results.

That's the lie that the Left is on now.

The fraud was widespread, involving at least five states.

The fraud involved elected state officials, who called a halt to the vote counting to give the Democrat cheaters time to discover how many votes for Biden that they would need to fabricate, and/or how many votes for Trump to throw away.

The fraud consists of more than one million illegal ballots for Biden and many thousands of Trump votes that were intentionally lost.

We, the people, re-elected Donald Trump. They, the cheaters, most of whom are Democrats, are imposing Joe Biden upon us.

We want Trump because he is a leader who had kept many of his promises (some incompletely, some of which need more time).

We don't want Biden because he is a criminal who should be in prison for the treason of selling us out to the Chinese Communist Party.
Jenab6

A comment on race differences, censored by YouTube. Therefore posted here and many other places.

The politically correct style of identity politics is a leftist reaction to the fact that races are generally different in their abilities. Whenever the same initial conditions do not produce identical results for all of the races, the leftists insist that the cause is racism by those who end up with the better results, against those who end up with the poorer results.

You might have seen a TV commercial in which a white man and a black man are given equally long pieces of rope to climb up a hill. The rope is long enough to reach the hands of the white man. But the black man is in a hole, so the rope is not long enough to reach his hands. What the commercial does not make clear is why the black man was in that hole. I think that the viewer is supposed to assume that the hole was dug by the white man, who then pushed the black man into it. But, really, this isn't why blacks are disadvantaged so that equal opportunity does not lead to equal outcome. Instead, the problem is that the black man is inferior to the white man in certain ways that matter, quite a lot, in highly technological societies. The black man was _born_ in that metaphorical hole. The white man had nothing to do with his being there.

Some races are more suited than others for jobs that pertain to spaceflight. Some races are smarter than others. Some races are more conscientious than others. And so on. For any quality than you can name, there were be some racial variability in that quality. Race isn't simply skin color. Race is who your ancestors were, and the inherited characteristics and abilities that they transmitted to their descendants through biology.

While it is true that someone’s race doesn’t determine his individual IQ, it does determine the probability for a randomly chosen member of a race having an average IQ being at, or above, a specified value.

The normal distribution that most closely matches the IQ distribution of white male US citizens is 103.08±14.54 (Jensen & Reynolds, "Sex Differences on the WISC-R," _Personality & Individual Differences,_ volume 4, number 2, pp. 223-226, 1983).

The normal distribution that most closely matches the IQ distribution of US-resident mulattoes (usually called "blacks" or "African-Americans") is 85.0±13.0 (a typical finding of studies since 1950).

A good approximation of the fraction, f, of a race having an average IQ of x̄ and a standard deviation in IQ of σ, which is above the minimum IQ of μ, can be found as follows:

f(μ) = [σ√(2π)]⁻¹ ∫(μ,∞) exp{ −[(x−x̄)/σ]²/2 } dx

Taking advantage of the normal distribution's symmetry, we make it more easily integrable.

f(μ) = ½ − [σ√(2π)]⁻¹ ∫(x̄,μ) exp{ −[(x−x̄)/σ]²/2 } dx

You can avoid integrating the probability density function if you have a handy error function to call.

f(μ) = 1 − ½ { 1 + erf [(μ−x̄)/(σ√2)] }

Let us suppose that an employer wants to hire workers for a job that, in his opinion, requires a minimum IQ of 130 for satisfactory performance. He lives in an area that is demographically typical for the United States, where whites outnumber blacks by a ratio of five.

The fraction of whites who are qualified for the job on the basis of IQ is

f( μ=130.0, x̄=103.08, σ=14.54 ) = 0.0320528311

The fraction of blacks who are qualified for the job on the basis of IQ is

f( μ=130.0, x̄=85, σ=13 ) = 0.0002685491

If the population of whites and of blacks were equal in size, then the ratio of mentally qualified whites to mentally qualified blacks would be 119.355755.

Since whites outnumber blacks in the area where the employer's business is, by a ratio of five, the actual ratio of mentally qualified whites to mentally qualified blacks is 596.778775.

If the employer needs fewer than 100 new employees, it could very easily turn out that he will hire no blacks at all, _even if he uses no racism whatsoever in selecting his hirelings._ In fact, of the occasions in which this scenario plays out, and exactly 100 new workers are hired, the employer will have hired...

100 whites and 0 blacks on 84.5% of occasions
99 whites and 1 black on 14.2% of occasions
98 whites and 2 blacks on 1.2% of occasions
97− whites and 3+ blacks on 0.1% of occasions

Because the United States is a First World country in which most of the best jobs are mentally challenging jobs, purely free-market hiring practices will exclude a demographically disproportionately high fraction of low-average-IQ races from those jobs. This is normal and natural. It is the only way by which a country can remain competitive internationally, especially with countries that don't engage in politically correct tampering with the free market for labor. A focus on merit is a good thing. It is in conflict with diversity and inclusion. Therefore, diversity and inclusion are bad ideas, and to focus on them, instead of on merit, is harmful.
Jenab6

Evidence of Election Fraud Found on CNN Live Television

The race for the presidency isn't the only election in which Democrats cheated. Some of this cheating was documented by CNN itself, albeit unintentionally. For example, during the Governor's race in Kentucky, 560 votes were flipped from Republican challenger Matt Bevin to the incumbent Democrat Andy Beshear. You had to be quick to see it, and to be sure you saw it, you'd need to capture a still frame from the video at the crucial split second. But the cheating is there to see, if you have the quickness to see it.

CNN had been presenting vote totals from both candidates in two places: in a gold colored pop-up box in the center of the screen and again in a ribbon along the bottom of the screen. The data in the gold colored popup box was a live feed from Clarity Elections. The data in the ribbon at the bottom was an echo of that data by CNN. There was a time delay of about one second before the CNN data could catch up with updates made in the live feed from Clarity Elections.

Along came an update in the vote totals. Very quickly, in a fraction of a second, CNN cut away from the Clarity Elections live feed and allowed the face of their news anchorman, Anderson Cooper, to fill the screen. While Cooper was talking with someone else, the CNN update followed that of Clarity Elections, so that when the Clarity Elections live feed returned CNN's numbers matched it.

But in that small fraction of a second prior to the cut-away to Cooper, both the updated numbers from Clarity Elections and the pre-updated numbers shown by CNN were visible. When still frames from video captures from CNN were examined, it turned out that the Democrat candidate, Andy Beshear, had gained exactly 560 votes, and, at the same time, the Republican candidate, Matt Bevin, had lost exactly 560 votes; i.e., Bevin's total number of counted votes was reduced by that number.

I'll let you have one guess about where Beshear's latest votes came from.

And this is only ONE update in the counting of votes in ONE election. We don't know how many additional instances of vote flipping occurred in the 2020 Kentucky Governor's race. We don't know how many other elections this kind of fraud happened to.

But we do know that the fraud is happening, and that every instance of it that we know about has favored the Democrats.

In the presidential election, also, there has been a big problem with incorrect vote assignments by voting-casting machines. Nationwide, Dominion Voting Systems devices deleted 2.7 million votes for Donald Trump and switched an additional 435,000 votes from Trump to Biden. In Pennsylvania, 941,000 votes for Trump were deleted, and another 221,000 votes were switched from Trump to Biden.

Anybody who tells you that election fraud didn't happen is lying. Anyone who says that there is no evidence of election fraud is lying. Anyone who says that the amount of election fraud that happened is "inconsequential" or "insignificant" is lying. CNN, in particular, is lying.

The mainstream media is UNRELIABLE. I advise all Americans to tune it out and, instead, listen to alt-media sources that are far more honest. Listen to Styxhexenhammer666 (libertarian), Tim Pool (moderate leftist), Red Ice TV (right wing), and Dr. Steve Turley (Christian conservative). You'll be much better informed and much less lied to.

Source: Red Ice TV, Flashback Friday #100, beginning about 17 minutes in.

Trump Can Still Win. Video by Dr. Steve Turley.

Jenab6

The Democrats Stole the 2020 Presidential Election by Several Hundred Thousand Fraudulent Votes

We knew that the Democrats would cheat, but we didn't know that they would dare cheat as spectacularly as they did overnight. The Democratic Party's various organizations have counted hundreds of thousands of fraudulent votes in several key states.

Democrat state governors are complicit in the fraud by calling a halt in the vote counting in order to give those organizations time to generate however many votes were required to overcome the genuine lead of Donald Trump in each county.

The mainstream media are complicit in the fraud by treating the very sudden shift in the vote counts without suspicion, as if it were something that should be expected.

You know that these votes are fraudulent because they are nearly 100% for Biden. Late-appearing genuine votes would be a mix of votes for the two candidates.

In the US presidential election of 2016, the Democrats had been very confident of victory for their candidate Hilary Clinton. Thus they did not attempt election fraud on a massive scale. Nevertheless, Democratic operatives, such as Brenda Snipes of Broward County, Florida, did perpetrate election fraud. And got caught doing it.

This time, in November 2020, the Democrats were desperate. Their candidate was a senile, mentally incompetent man from a very corrupt family. He didn't bother to do much campaigning because he knew that his election would be facilitated by the massive fraud that the Democrats carried out last night.

This is probably the biggest electoral fraud in history. The election had been going heavily in Donald Trump's favor until the very late evening of 4 November. The Democrats stole the election, while we slept, during the night of 4th to 5th November 2020, by dumping several hundred thousand fraudulent votes in the key battleground states of Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Arizona.

Besides ballot-box stuffing with fake votes for Biden, the Democrats pulled a number of other tricks. In Maricopa County, Arizona, Democrat poll workers gave Sharpies (what we used to call Magic Markers) to Republican voters, knowing that only ballots filled out with ballpoint pens would be counted. Republican poll-watchers were forcibly excluded from many voting stations by democratic officials pretending to have the authority to do so.

Red Ice TV video about the Democrat cheating in the 2020 presidential election in the United States.
https://www.bitchute.com/video/3DlYZc7NbrOI/



Styxhexenhammer666 talks about the stolen US presidential election of 2020.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vQEnLR8ELGo
Jenab6

Glenn Greenwald, a rare leftist with principles, gets censored by the unprincipled editors he hired

Glenn Greenwald is an oddity. He's (biologically) Jewish, and he is a leftist, but he has acted courageously in accordance with principles. He quit a job in the mainstream press when he became disgusted by the way the MSM helped to cover up the dirty, sinister deeds of the federal government, specifically in regard to spying on US citizens.

Greenwald is the journalist who published the information from Edward Snowden, alerting Americans and the British to the way their government intelligence services were targeting them as if they were enemies of the state. This had previously been unknown by the ordinary citizen in both countries. Reporting that information won Greenwald the Pulitzer Prize for journalism.

In order to make government more honest toward their own citizens, Glenn Greenwald founded an organization called The Intercept. But he didn't retain the power to fire the editors of its publications. Instead, Greenwald held a contractual right to have his own articles published without editorial review, but when he tried to publish an essay critical of Joe Biden, his leftist editors refused to honor the contract and censored the article. Since Greenwald couldn't fire those editors, he'd have had to take to court the news organization that he, himself, had founded.

Instead, Greenwald resigned, giving up a large paycheck, and decided to go lone wolf.

Greenwald made two mistakes when he founded The Intercept. First, he failed to ensure that his editorial staff was ideologically diversified. He hired only leftists like himself, in complete disregard of the fact that most leftists are, unlike himself, morally deficient where such things as honesty and keeping promises are concerned.

Second, he failed to maintain administrative control over the editorial staff, probably because he believed that he should apply to himself the same standard the he'd expect everyone else to live by. Why is that a mistake? Because it is not only social systems controlled by a bad boss that are bad social systems; also, social systems that aren't controlled by any boss become bad over time, simply because bad people strive harder to get power than good people do. The only social system that stays good is one that is controlled by a good boss, and it stays good only as long as good bosses keep it so.

The same thing happens in white nationalist organizations. The marriage of wisdom and power isn't the usual result of elections.

Other than that, the only criticism I have for Glenn Greenwald is about his criticism of Jair Bolsenaro, the president of Brazil. Bolsenario is a good leader who understands what I said about social systems being good only when controlled by a good boss. Bolsenaro isn't making with Brazil the mistake that Greenwald made with The Intercept.